race1 W2S2 [reıs] n
3¦(get/do something first)¦
4¦(do something quickly)¦
6¦(horse race)¦
[Sense: 1, 3-6; Date: 1200-1300; : Old Norse; Origin: ras 'going quickly, running']
[Sense: 2; Date: 1500-1600; : French; Origin: Old Italian razza]
1.) ¦(SPORT)¦
a competition in which people or animals compete to run, drive etc fastest and finish first
in a race
He will be the youngest runner in the race.
She finished second in the race.
race between
the annual boat race between Oxford and Cambridge Universities
Over 80 cars will take part in the race .
She has won her last four races .
There are only three days to go until the big race (=important race) .
2.) ¦(PEOPLE)¦
a) [U and C]
one of the main groups that humans can be divided into according to the colour of their skin and other physical features
ethnic group
The school welcomes children of all races .
a person of mixed race
The law forbids discrimination on the grounds of race or religion.
b) [singular] informal
a group of people who are similar in some way
race of
The 1960s produced a new race of young novelists.
Are schools breeding (=producing) a race of children incapable of making decisions for themselves?
3.) ¦(GET/DO SOMETHING FIRST)¦ [singular]
a situation in which one group of people tries to obtain or achieve something before another group does
the race to do sth
More and more drug companies are joining the race to beat cancer.
The race is on to develop more environmentally friendly forms of energy.
4.) ¦(DO SOMETHING QUICKLY)¦ [singular]
a situation in which you have to do something very quickly because you have very little time available
a race to do sth
It is now a race to find the killer.
race against time/against the clock
The pilot then began a desperate race against time to land the plane before it ran out of fuel.
5.) ¦(PRIZE/POWER)¦ [singular]
a situation in which people are competing with each other to win a prize or obtain a position of power
race for
Mr Bird has now officially joined the race for the White House.
He is no longer in the race for academic awards.
race to do sth
the race to host the next Olympic Games
6.) ¦(HORSE RACE)¦
the races
an occasion when horse races are held
at the races
We spent a day at the races.
play the race card atplay1 (14)
race 2
race2 v
2¦(move quickly)¦
3¦(do something quickly)¦
1.) ¦(SPORT)¦
a) [I and T]
to compete against someone or something in a race
race against
She'll be racing against some of the world's top athletes.
race in
Stevens will not be racing in the final due to a knee injury.
race sb up/down sth etc
I'll race you to the end of the road.
b) [T]
to use an animal or a vehicle to compete in a race
He will be racing a Ferrari in this year's Formula One championships.
2.) ¦(MOVE QUICKLY)¦ [I,T always + adverb/preposition]
to move very quickly or take someone or something to a place very quickly
He raced into the village on his bike.
I had to race home for my bag.
race sb to sth etc
She was raced to hospital.
race to do sth
He raced to meet her.
to try to do something very quickly because you want to be the first to do it, or because there is very little time available
race to do sth
Investors are racing to buy shares in the new hi-tech companies.
race against time/the clock
The astronauts are racing against time to repair the spaceship.
4.) ¦(HEART/MIND)¦ [I]
if your heart or mind races, it works harder and faster than usual, for example because you are afraid or excited
My heart was racing and my knees shook uncontrollably.
My mind was racing, trying to think where I had seen him before.
5.) ¦(ENGINE)¦ [I]
if an engine races, it runs too fast

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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